Seminar details


11 January 2011 - 15h00
: New LFSRs and FCSRs representations for stream ciphers hardware and software design.
by Marine Minier from CITI

Résumé : In this talk, we will sum up our recent research results concerning the
introduction of a new representation for FCSRs based upon
a known LFSRs representation. This matrix based representation allows to
construct FCSRs with a more compact hardware representation and a
quicker diffusion while preserving the usual and proven good properties
(good periods, ℓ-sequences, good statistical behaviors, etc.). Moreover,
this new approach circumvents the weaknesses of the Fibonacci and Galois
representations. We also show how to extend the LFSRs representation to a
particular LFSR case called the windmill case.
LFSRs are well-known primitives used in cryptography especially for stream
cipher design. However they have some drawbacks when looking
at their resistance against algebraic attacks because of their linearity. In
the contrary, FCSRs are inherently resistant to algebraic attacks due to
the non-linearity of the update function. Using the new representation, we
propose two new stream ciphers based on the so-called “ring” FCSR
representation. The first proposal called F-FCSR is dedicated to hardware
applications whereas the second proposal called X-FCSR is designed for
software purposes but is also efficient in hardware.

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