title = { Symbolic Protocol Analysis in Presence of a Homomorphism Operator and Exclusive-Or },
    author = {Delaune, St\'ephanie and Lafourcade, Pascal and Lugiez, Denis and Treinen, Ralf},
    month = {jul},
    year = {2006},
    booktitle = {{P}roceedings of the 33rd {I}nternational {C}olloquium on {A}utomata, {L}anguages and {P}rogramming},
    address = {Venice, Italy},
    note = {24/81},
    pages = {132-143},
    publisher = {Springer},
    series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
    volume = {4052},
    team = {other},
    abstract = {Security of a cryptographic protocol for a bounded number of sessions is usually expressed as a symbolic trace reachability problem. We show that symbolic trace reachability for well-defined protocols is decidable in presence of the exclusive or theory in combination with the homomorphism axiom. These theories allow us to model basic properties of important cryptographic operators. This trace reachability problem can be expressed as a system of symbolic deducibility constraints for a certain inference system describing the capabilities of the attacker. One main step of our proof consists in reducing deducibility constraints to constraints for deducibility in one step of the inference system. This constraint system, in turn, can be expressed as a system of quadratic equations of a particular form over \mathbb{Z}/2 \mathbb{Z}[h]), the ring of polynomials in one indeterminate over the finite field (\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}). We show that satisfiability of such systems is decidable.},


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