A bi-criteria scheduling heuristic for distributed embedded systems under reliability and real-time constraints
INRIA Rhone-Alpes
655 avenue de l'Europe, Montbonnot, 38334 ce Saint-Ismier, FRANCE

Multi-criteria scheduling problems, involving optimization of more than one criterion, are subject to a growing interest. In this paper, we present a new bi-criteria scheduling heuristic for scheduling data-flow graphs of operations onto parallel heterogeneous architectures according to two criteria: first the minimization of the schedule length, and second the maximization of the system reliability. Reliability is defined as the probability that none of the system components fails while processing. The proposed algorithm is a list scheduling heuristic, based on a bi-criteria compromise function to introduce priority between operations to be scheduled and to choose on what subset of processors they should be scheduled. It uses the active replication of operations to improve the reliability. If the system reliability or the schedule length requirements are not met, then a parameter of the compromise function can be changed and the algorithm re-executed. This process is iterated until both requirements are met.

Slides (.pdf)